Capital letter and full stop – are the two pieces of punctuation which demarcate a sentence.
An exclamation mark –acts like a full stop and shows:
or something ironic.
A question mark - acts like a full stop and shows that a question has been asked.
An apostrophe for omission shows where a letter is missing, while an apostrophe for possession shows that something belongs to someone or something.
Speech marks - show where direct speech begins and ends.
A comma - can separate items in a list or demarcate clauses in a sentence.
Lazily, Fred lay on the sofa.
In wonderment, I stared into space.
At the new shiny skatepark, Bob attempted a backflip.
Two long days ago, I went to my grandma's house.
Although I love milk chocolate, I hate dark chocolate.
I got some crisps,whilst I was at the shop.
Brackets - are like a little aside to the reader by the author, often showing the author's opinion.
A dash – is used like a comma to separate clauses in a sentence – but with more emphasis.
A colon - says stop – here comes a list.
A semi colon - separates long phrases in a list, which often have commas within them.
An ellipses - says dum dum dum – a cliff hanger – or shows when someone’s though or speech is cut off.